Breed standard


  • The breed is recognized according to the FCI, UKC, TKC, AKC
  • Standard FCI № 230 (02.04.2004)
  • Origin: Tibet
  • Patronage: FCI
  • Purpose: Companion, watch and guard dog
  • FCI Classification: Group 2. Pinscher, Schnauzer, mastiff. Without testing of working qualities.

General characteristics: sturdy built, heavy and powerful dog with a strong muscles. It produces vivid impression. Combines strength, power and endurance. May work in all weather conditions. Matures slowly. Females reach its peak only at 2-3 years while males reach its peak at least at 4 years.

Proportions: The length of the snout is equal to the length of the skull, but may be a little shorter. The length of the body is bigger than height at the withers.

Behaviour and Temperament: Independent. Patronizing. It obeys the commands. Most loyal to his family and territory

HEAD: Broad, heavy, massive. The skull is large, with a strong back of a neck.

The transition from forehead to a snout is well defined.

A nasal planum is large, as dark as possible depending on colour, with well opened nostrils.

A snout is quite broad, massive.

Jaws are massive, with a scissor bite with all linearly arranged cutters. Level bite is possible. Teeth are arranged tightly.

Eyes are of medium size, set wide apart, oval, set slightly obliquely.

Eyelids are tightly fitting to the eyeball. With an expression of self-esteem.

Ears are of medium size, triangular, pendant, are set at the level between the line of the forehead and eyes, tightly pressed to the head. The ear is covered with soft, short coat

Neck: Strong, muscular. Coat on the neck is not too big. Coat around the neck is thick. Females do not have strongly marked coat.

Body: Massive.

The back is straight and muscular.

The croup is broad and somewhat horizontal.

Chest is deep, of moderate width, with well-sprung ribs.

The depth of the chest is below the elbows.

Tail: is of medium length. Set high on the back line. Carried high, curled over a back when the dog is alert or in motion. Decorative coat is well developed.

Legs: The front legs are straight, well covered with dense coat.

Shoulders are sloping and muscular.

Elbows are directed strictly back.

Pasterns are massive, slightly sloping.

The hindquarters are quite angulated. When viewed from behind, hindquarters are parallel. Hips are fairly long, strong, with strong, but not lumpy muscles.

Metatarsus are strong, short.

Dewclaws are possible.

Feet are quite large, massive, round and compact with well-developed coat between toes.

Movement: Powerful, but always light and springy with a good push. As speed increases tends to single track.

When walking, a dog looks very hasteless.


Coat is harsh, thick, guard coat is not very long. In winter, a dog has a rich two-ply, which becomes thinner during warmer months. Males obviously have thicker coat than females. A thick layer of coat forms a mane hair around a neck and shoulders.

Coat has thin structure, but is harsh and straight.

Coat cannot be silky, curly or wavy. The tail is covered with thick coat. Hind legs are covered with thick feathering.

Colour: Deep black with markings "tan" or without them, with blue markings "tan" or without them, golden-red from deep beige to dark red.

All colours should be clean as much as possible.

Markings "tan" are from light beige to deep red.

Sometimes there is a small white spot on a chest. Sometimes there are small white markings on the tips of the paws.

Markings "tan" should be above eyes, on the inside of the legs and tail. There may be a marking "tan" around eyes and lips.

Height: height at the withers:

Males: 66 cm (minimum)

Bitches: 61 cm (minimum).